Formatting TextS2C Home « Formatting Text

In the HTML5 Basic Tutorials - Lesson 4 - Formatting lesson we took an initial look at the formatting tags.

In this lesson we finish our investigation of the formatting tags available in HTML by using the <dfn>, <pre>, <var> and <wbr> tags.

The Definition Element

The <dfn> tag and its' closing </dfn> tag are used to represent the defining instance of a term.

The Preformatted Text Element

The <pre> tag and its' closing </pre> tag are used to define preformatted text including line breaks and whitespace.

The Variable Element

The <var> tag and its' closing <var> tag are used for marking a variable within our text.

The Word Break Opportunity Element

The <wbr> tag and its' closing <wbr> tag are used for representing a word break opportunity in text where browsers can insert a line break in a long word or spaceless text or phrase to break the text at a more meaningful place.

Creating A Webpage

Lets create a webpage for our formatting tags to see what they do!

  1. HTML Editor

    1. Open up your HTML editor or text editor, which in my case is Notepad++.
    2. Open a document if required.
    3. Copy and paste the following code into the document.
    
    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <!-- Using the dfn, pre, var and wbr HTML tags -->
    <html lang="en">
      <head>
        <title>
          More Formatting
        </title>
      </head>
      <body>
        <h2>Formatting Text Tags</h2>
        <h3>The Definition Term Tag</h3>
        <p>Jeff Lynne was a founding member of 70s band 
          <dfn><abbr  title="Electric Light Orchestra">ELO</abbr></dfn>
           who had a lot of success in the charts.</p>
        <p><abbr  title="Electric Light Orchestra">ELO</abbr> had many top 10 hits in
         the UK and and were known for their symbiosis of rock and classical music.</p>
        <h3>The Preformatted Text Tag</h3>
        <p>The following text has whitespace and carriage returns that you can't see and    
           just displays normally unless you use the pre tag to respect these characters.</p>     
        <p><pre>This text will be be displayed
          in a fixed        width font and preserves            whitespace
          and carriage    returns.</pre></p>
        <h3>The Computer Variable Tag</h3>
        <p><var>colCount</var> = 20;</p>
        <h3>The a Word Break Opportunity Tag</h3>
        <p>Insertion of a word break opportunity can be utilised in text to break the 
          long word at a meaningful point supercali<wbr>fragilistic<wbr>expialidocious
          rather than leave this to the vagaries of the browser.</p>
      </body>
    </html>
    
  2. Saving the document

    Save the file as moreformattags.html

    save more format tags
    Screenshot 1. Saving the moreformattags.html HTML file.
  3. View Page in Web Browser

    Either navigate to the location you saved the moreformattags.html file to and double click the file. This will take you to the page in your default web browser, or from your web browser click File --> Open File and navigate to the file and open it.

    After doing either of these you should see a similar webpage in your browser to the following screenshot:

    view more format tags
    Screenshot 2. Viewing the moreformattags.html HTML file.

    As you can see from the screenshot the image shows the various formatting features of each HTML tag.

    The <dfn> tag dot underlines and italicises the content.

    The <var> tag italicises the content.

    The <pre> tag respects whitespace and carriage returns and displays content in a fixed width font.

    The <wbr> tag has split the long word where recommended.

Lesson 4 Complete

In this lesson we finished off our review of the formatting tags available in HTML.

Related Tutorials/Quizzes

HTML5 Basic Tutorials - Lesson 4 - Formatting

More Formatting Quiz

What's Next?

In the next lesson we take a final look at lists by creating definition lists.

HTML5 Reference

The <dfn> definition term tag

The <pre> preformatted text tag

The <var> computer variable tag

The <wbr> word break opportunity tag